About: Jeffrey A. Quinn

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Multiple Businesses Require Separate Schedule C for Each

And that wasn’t the only lesson the Tax Court recently taught taxpayer Zierdt (Douglas Zierdt v. Commissioner, TC Summary Opinion 2014-78).

This taxpayer worked part time as a stock broker, while also considering himself a professional gambler.  In preparing his own returns, he combined (i.e.-netted) his gambling losses) against his income from stock brokering.  The Court noted that “He did not file separate Schedules C with his returns, and instead he claimed deductions for gambling expenses on Schedules C that identified the business activity as ‘stockbroker’.  Such inaccurate and misleading income tax reporting does not reflect a reasonable attempt to comply with the Code.”

Moreover, the Court found that the gambling activity was not a true “trade or business” at all,  but a hobby instead and thus disallowed the gambling losses.  The facts that the taxpayer had net gambling losses for each of the years 2006 through 2010, combined with the fact that he did not maintain complete and accurate records were the main reasons for the Court’s conclusions.

And by the way, the bad reporting and lack of documentation led the Court to the additional conclusion that no “reasonable cause” existed to excuse Mr. Zierdt from imposition of the accuracy-related penalties for several of the years.

IRS Clipped for Taxpayer’s Legal Fees — For Once!

It doesn’t happen very often, but in the case of Michael Swiggart (TC Memo 2014-172), not only did the taxpayer “win,”  his argument, but IRS got stuck with his legal fees to boot!

The argument was over whether or not the taxpayer qualified as a head of household.  He did, and proved it at his “collection due process hearing.”  Nonetheless, it wasn’t until the taxpayer filed a petition with the Tax court did the IRS concede, though they stubbornly refused to pay his expenses.  The Court agreed with Swiggart because he was the prevailing party, exhausted all administrative remedies, and did not unreasonably delay the proceedings.

So there.

Reminder: No Profit Motive = No Deduction

In McElroy, TC Memo 2014-163, the court reminds us of the above maxim.

The taxpayer in this case invested in three partnerships, established to acquire cemetery sites for later contribution to qualified charitable organizations.  McElroy thought he could deduct losses for his investments in the three partnerships on the basis that his ownership interests in each were worthless as of the end of the years in which the partnerships operated, and that he therefore had abandoned them.  He argued he invested to derive a profit and in furtherance of a legislative intent to encourage charitable contributions.

But the court, in agreeing with IRS, found that the taxpayer lacked the requisite profit motive, and concluded that the partnerships were designed to generate tax benefits from the making of charitable contributions and not to make any profit independent of tax benefits.  Indeed, the partnerships were established not to realize any income or economic profit whatsoever!

Vacation Home Rentals

You may be renting out that mountain cabin or beach house during this vacation season.  When it comes time to prepare your 2014 tax returns, don’t forget the implications of such vacation home rentals to your tax liabilities, some of which considerations are:

  • Required reporting of rental income and expenses on Schedule E of your Federal tax return.
  • Use by you as a “home” of the property, during non-rental periods, may cause your rental deductions to be limited in various ways.
  • And “personal” use includes not only your own use of the property, but use by your family members or others who pay less than the full fair market rental value for the time spent in the property.
  • A “freebie” offered by Uncle Sam can kick in when the property is rented out fewer than 15 days per year, in which case you don’t have to report the rental income at all.

Check out IRS Publication 527, “Residential Rental Property (Including Rental of Vacation Homes”) for more details.

IRS Encourages Review of Premium Tax Credit Status

Folks with health insurance procured through the Health Insurance Marketplace may be receiving advance payments of the premium tax credit.  These are paid to your insurance company with a goal of lowering your monthly premium.

Changes in circumstances can alter the amount of these advance payments, including:

  • An increase or decrease in your income
  • Marriage or divorce
  • Birth or adoption of a child

Changed conditions such as these can result in the credit ending up too much or too little, which can result in an unpleasant surprise at tax time.

Folks are supposed to report changes in their situation to the Marketplace as they occur.  Check out IRS Health Care Tax Tip 2014-15 for more info.

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